Your Tuesday briefing – The New York Times

A massive earthquake near the town of Cianjur on Indonesia’s main island of Java has killed at least 162 people and injured hundreds more. Many people were believed to still be trapped under the rubble, prompting fears the death toll would rise. Up to 60 miles away, in the capital Jakarta, the quake shook furniture and tall buildings. See photos from the disaster.

Rescue workers and others searched for trapped people overnight amid blocked roads, landslides and hundreds of collapsed buildings. Rescue efforts were hampered because the main hospital had been damaged and was without power, an official said. Many people who could not reach medical care are being treated where they were injured, he added.

According to official records, the quake was very shallow and occurred at a depth of only six miles. Shallow tremors can often be more destructive than deeper ones because the seismic waves travel a shorter distance to the surface and lose less energy in the process.

Context: The vast Indonesian archipelago sits on the Ring of Fire, an arc of volcanoes and fault lines around the Pacific Basin. Large and small earthquakes occur practically every day.

Damage: According to early reports, the earthquake destroyed 343 buildings and damaged many others, including government offices, schools and places of worship.

In Somalia, where more than a million people have been displaced by drought, the country is racing towards a devastating humanitarian catastrophe. Five seasons of insufficient rainfall have affected 7.8 million Somalis, of whom 300,000 are suffering from severe hunger, as well as people in Kenya and Ethiopia. At the same time, Al Shabab militants are preventing aid groups from reaching the hardest-hit areas.

Somalis are waiting to see if aid experts will officially declare a famine in the coming weeks. Many already fear that history is repeating itself: the last two major famines in Somalia, in 1992 and 2011, together claimed half a million lives. They, too, were the product of a drought aggravated by the war.

Somalia’s government declared the drought a national emergency a year ago, but aid workers say the crisis is now critical. On average, a severely malnourished child is admitted to a health facility for treatment every minute. The infirmaries fill up with starving children suffering from measles, pneumonia and other diseases.

Using the numbers: At least 1.1 million people have fled their homes for overcrowded, filthy camps. The UN says it needs an additional $1 billion for emergency food, water and shelter. Without urgent action, at least 500,000 children will be at risk of death by mid-2023.

From the start of a conflict marked by heavy air and artillery fire and attrition in the trenches, the Bratstvo Battalion, a group of volunteer Ukrainian special forces, has taken on some of the conflict’s toughest missions, including early battles for the cities of Kyiv and Kharkiv .

The group gave access to reporters from The Times to cover two recent riverine operations that took place before Kherson was retaken. A mission had to be aborted. The other was a partial success.

For months, the fighters have been conducting secret raids and other special operations as part of the Ukrainian counter-offensive against the Russian occupying power. On a recent night, their mission was to slip onto the east bank of the Dnipro River, which Russia still holds, and lay mines on a road used by Russian soldiers.

Quotable: “All the work along the southern front adds to the stress on the Russians and increases their understanding that they have to lose some resources on that front,” a battalion commander said. “So our actions are also a tiny contribution to this overall result, where the Russians have to make some compromises here.”

Elon Musk’s antics on Twitter — firing people, talking about bankruptcy, telling workers to be “hardcore” — are the same tactics he’s used before at many of his companies.

Musk, a serial entrepreneur and the social media company’s recent buyer, “clearly thrives on existential circumstances,” said a former employee. He added, “He sort of creates them to light the fire among everyone.”

England wins easily against Iran: Bukayo Saka and Jude Bellingham were exceptional in England’s decisive 6-2 opening World Cup victory as Gareth Southgate’s 4-3-3 system proved successful. England are well positioned to progress through the group stage.

Cody Gakpo steals the show from the Netherlands: The PSV Eindhoven striker, who has been heavily linked with a summer move to Manchester United, helped the Netherlands defeat Senegal.

Wales manage a late draw against USA: Wales secured a late penalty from their star Gareth Bale in a disappointing result for the USA team after controlling the game early on. Both look up to England in the group.

From the time: Many believe the US team’s biggest single mistake at this World Cup is that they don’t have the cutting edge, writes Rory Smith. Goals don’t come easy.

Online marketplaces where shoppers can buy and sell used clothing and accessories are thriving, especially in the luxury segment. Shopping in another woman’s closet has never been easier. But how can you be sure that your Comme des Garçons shoes or your Maison Margiela handbag are real?

At RealReal, a high-end resale marketplace that went public in 2019, an army of authenticators is sifting through stacks of Helmut Lang and Jean Paul Gaultier to determine if the luxury labels are legit — and how much they could sell.

Dominik Halás, 29, is one of RealReal’s master authenticators. He specializes in vintage clothing, including items that predate him. As a teenager, he started a fashion club, worked at a vintage boutique in Montclair, NJ, and began buying and reselling second-hand clothing online. On the side, Halás has amassed his own fashion archive of 500 pieces.

At least once a day he encounters pieces that cannot be authenticated. Sometimes he’ll look at the font on a particular label, or even the brand of a zipper, to see if it’s what it says it is and what year it’s from. But sometimes it just comes down to expertise.

“The quality of the material throws me off,” he said while touching a light blue nylon jacket with a Prada logo on it. “I feel authentic Prada ready-to-wear every day, and the best I can say is that it doesn’t feel expensive enough.”